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世博常用英语:在海关

责任编辑:徐帆 发表时间:2011/6/13 字号调整:字体缩小|字体放大
Inspector: Do you have anything to declare?
 
Tom: No, I don't think so.
 
Inspector: Well, would you mind opening this bag?
 
Tom: I guess not, although I might not be able to close it again.
 
Inspector: Aha, what are these magazines?
 
Tom: Oh, dear, I didn't realize I still had those.
 
Inspector: Well, sir, since we are very strict about pornography, I will have to confiscate them.
 
Tom: Certainly.
 
Inspector: And what's this? Three bottles of whiskey.
 
Tom: That's the legal limit.
 
Inspector: Yes, but what about these two six packs of wine spritzers?
 
Tom: Oh, those...well, it's just a fun drink, it's not really alcohol.
 
Inspector: Says here 4%. I'm afraid you'll have to choose.
 
Tom: OK, take the spritzers.
 
Inspector: And what's this?
 
Tom: An aloe, plant good for the health.
 
Inspector: It's illegal to bring it into the country, sorry. Well, I guess that about takes care of everything.
 
Tom: You are not kidding! You've taken most of my souvenirs from the States.
 
Inspector: Well, think of it this way, now you'll be able to shut your bag, no problem.
 
 
 
 
讲解:
1.这段对话说的是Tom在美国旅行结束后回国时在机场海关遇到检查的事。无论在什么时候出境, 在机场你都会遇到海关的检查。所有国家的海关都会规定各自国家的禁入或者禁出物品(forbidden items or restricted items),其中包括各种可能带菌的植物、水果、肉类、酒类、毒品以及武器弹药自然都在违禁之列。日用品象摩丝、剃须膏等根本就不能带上飞机。海关人员一般都是非常友好的。可是如果遇到什么紧急情况,比如美国在911之后,对海关的检查就非常非常的严格。不过不用担心,只要你在出国或回国时搞清楚这个国家海关的规定就不会有问题了。
 
2.海关人员一般会这样问你:Do you have anything to declare? 或者Anything to declare?你是否带有需要申报纳税的物品?如果你不知道哪些东西需要纳税,就可以问一句,Could you tell me what things have duty on them? 你能告诉我哪些东西需要纳税吗?
 
3.一些在海关常会用到的表达方式:
Any arms,munitions, living plants, or animals?  有武器弹药和活的动植物吗?
Do you have to pay duty on the liquor and cigarettes?  烟和酒要交税吗?
All this luggage is mine.  这些行李都是我的。
I have a suitcase and a traveling bag.  我有一个手提箱和一个旅行包。
Take a look, please.  请检查吧。
I have a few things to declare.  我有一些东西需要申报。
I don't think I have anything to declare.  我没什么东西要申报的。
These items are for personal use.  这些东西都是私人物品。
How long will it take us to get through the customs.  通过海关检查要多长时间。
Where should I go through the custom?  海关在哪?
I only have shirts and things like that.  我只有衬衫一类的东西。
The custom formalities are simple.  海关检查的手续很简单。
How much duty should I pay? 我该付多少税?

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