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讽刺词汇对照

来源:新世界论坛发表时间:2012/5/31字号:T|T

Sarcasm

Sarcastic

['sɑ:kæzəm]

n. 挖苦, 讽刺

a way of using words that are the opposite of what you mean in order to be unpleasant to sb or to make fun of them

a hint / touch / trace of sarcasm in his voice

Satirize

satire

[ˈsætiraiz]

vt.讽刺

 

to use SATIRE to show the faults in a person, an organization, a system, etc.

To satirize the responsible officials

讥讽当道

irony

['aiərəni]

n.反语,冷嘲;具有讽刺意味的事,嘲弄

 

the amusing or strange aspect of a situation that is very different from what you expect

 

the use of words that say the opposite of what you really mean, often as a joke and with a tone of voice that shows this

The irony is that when he finally got the job, he discovered he didn't like it.

'England is famous for its food,' she said with heavy irony.

revue

[ri'vju:]

n.时事讽刺剧

[C, U]a show in a theatre, with songs, dances, jokes, short plays, etc., often about recent events

 

a musical / comedy / satirical revue

lampoon

[læmˈpu:n]

n.讽刺文章(嘲讽个人的)

vt.嘲讽

V. (written) to criticize sb/sth publicly in an amusing way that makes them or it look ridiculous

N. (written) a piece of writing that criticizes sb/sth and makes them or it look silly

His cartoons mercilessly lampooned the leading politicians of his time. [N]

Such lampoons of royalty were previously found only in the foreign press. [v]

parody

[ˈpærədi]

 

 

N. 1. (为嘲弄某作者或某作品而作成的)模仿滑稽作品 

2. 拙劣的模仿

3. 模仿诗文

Vt. 通过模仿嘲弄

 

N. copy the style of sb/sth in order to be amusing

V. copy the style of sb/sth in an exaggerated way, especially in order to make people laugh

His personality made him an easy subject for parody. [N]

to parody an author / a style / an accent. [v]

pasquinade

[ˌpæskwi'neid]

n. 讽刺文章

vt. 用讽刺诗文讽刺

 

To ridicule with a pasquinade, satirize or lampoon.

用讽刺文章进行嘲讽;讽刺或挖苦

 

sendup

['sɛnd,ʌp]

n. (讽刺性)模仿作品

 

The absurd trial is a sendup of the Dublin courts.

travesty

[ˈtrævisti]

n.滑稽模仿,歪曲, 漫画

vt.使 ... 滑稽化,曲解

 

something that does not have the qualities or values that it should have, and as a result is often shocking or offensive

The trial was a travesty of justice.

burlesque

[bə:ˈlesk]

N. 滑稽模仿, 滑稽娱乐(常伴有脱衣舞), 嘲讽性作品

Adj. 滑稽模仿的, 讽刺性作品的, 滑稽表演的

V. (以滑稽或夸张手法)模仿嘲弄

 

C.N. make sth look ridiculous by representing it in a humorous way

U.N. (AmE) a type of entertainment, popular in the past in the US often including STRIPTEASE
Adj. [usually before noun]

a burlesque of literary life

 

The play was criticized for its burlesque treatment of serious issues.

sardonic

[sɑ:'dɔnik]

adj.讥讽的, 嘲笑的, 冷笑的

(written, disapproving) showing that you think that you are better than other people and do not take them seriously

He was full of sardonic humour.

a sardonic comment / smile / tone

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