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新概念第二册自学导读 Lessons19

发表时间:2011/7/6字号:T|T

课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.The play may begin at any moment. 剧马上就要开演了。

The guests may arrive at any moment.

客人们马上就要来了。

It may/might rain(at) any moment.

这天气随时都可能下雨。

2.I'm sorry, we've sold out. 对不起,票已售完。

(1)这句话中用了缩略形式 I'm(=I am) 和we've(=we have)。缩略形式一般用于口语和非正式文体中。在正式文体中要避免使用。

(2)sell out为固定短语,可指“(店主)售完(某种货物)”、“(货)被售完”:

They have sold out of eggs.

他们的鸡蛋卖完了。

Tickets for tonight's performance are sold out.

今晚演出的门票已售完。

3.What a pity! 真可惜!

这是一个常用的表示可惜、遗憾的感叹句。我们还可以说:

What a pity(it is) you can't see their performance!

你不能观看他们的演出真是遗憾!

4.I went back to the ticket office at once. 我马上又回到售票处。

at once 为固定短语,在这里可译为“马上”、“立刻”:When he heard the news, he went home at once.

听到这消息,他立刻就回家了。

Please come at once.

请立刻就来。

5.Could I have those two tickets please?我可以买那两张票吗?

(1)could 虽然是can的过去式,但在这里并不表示过去,而是指现在。用could提出请求或建议比can要委婉。(cf.本课语法)

(2)在这句话中,have=buy,是行为动词。(cf. 第18课语法)

6.I might as well have them. 我还是买下的好。

may as well表示“还不如”、“无甚差别”,和might as well一般可以互换:

It's not very far, so we may/might as well go on foot.

那地方不太远,所以我们还不如走着去。

语法 Grammar in use

情态助动词can与may

can(过去式为 could)原义为“能”,表示“有能力”、“能够”等:

Can you drive a car?

你会开车吗?

Jim couldn't run very fast when he was a boy.

吉姆小时候不能跑很快。

(1)请求别人允许或答复时一般用 can,could,may和may的过去式 might。在这4个词中,can最常用,也最不正式;could比can表示更“犹豫”和客气,通常用在不能确定请求是否会得到同意的时候;may比can和could更正式、更客气、更恭敬;might显得最犹豫,也最客气、最恭敬,但不及上述3个词常用。实际上,是一般性的请求时,can,could,may往往可以互换。含有情态助动词的普通答语为:

肯定:

Of course you can/may.

你当然可以。(不可用could或might)

否定:

No, you can't/may not.

不,你不可以。(不用could not或might not)

(2)may和might还可以表示可能。如果说话人对所说事实确信无疑,就可以用be或其他完全动词:

Jane is at home now.

简现在在家。(确切的事实)

但如果不敢确定,则可以说:

Jane may/might be at home.

简可能/或许在家。

might比may更不确定。它们也可以表示过去可能已经发生过的事

词汇学习 Word study

1.hurry

(1)vi. 赶紧,赶快,匆忙:

We'd better hurry if we want to see the performance.

如果我们想看演出的话,我们最好赶快走。

Hurry up! The film may begin at any moment.

快点!电影马上就要开始了。

When he saw that it was already eight o'clock, he hurried to the office.

当他发现已经8点钟的时候,他赶紧去了办公室。

(2)n.急忙,匆忙,仓促:

I'm in a hurry now. I'll write the letter tomorrow.

我现在有急事。我明天再写信。

In his hurry, he dropped some coins on the floor.

匆忙之中,他把一些硬币掉在了地上。

2.exclaim

(1)vt.,vi. (由于痛苦、愤怒、惊异、欣喜等)叫喊,惊叫:

When she saw the gift, she exclaimed in delight.

她看到礼物后高兴得叫了起来。

‘What a beautiful picture!’she exclaimed.

她惊讶地叫道:“多美的一幅画呀!”

(2)vi.,(表示抗议等)大声叫喊:

She exclaimed against the rudeness of the young man.

她愤怒地斥责那位年轻人的粗鲁行为。

3.return

(1)vi. 回,返回:

Tim has just returned from Australia.

蒂姆刚从澳大利亚回来。

He returned home yesterday.

他昨天回来的。

(2)vt. 把……送回,归还,退回:

He returned the books to the library.

他把书还给了图书馆。

He returned two tickets, as Jack and Tom were too busy and they couldn't go to the theatre.

他退了两张票,因为杰克和汤姆太忙了,不能去看戏。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

1.关键句型练习答案

A may begin(1.1); may have begun(1.2); May I have (1.3); Can I return (1.8); Could I have (1.11); I might as well have (1.13)

2.难点练习答案

1 I have not seen…

2 There aren't…

3 He does not…you are…

4 She didn't tell…she hadn't…

5 I shan't stay…

6 He won't do…he's told

7 When will I…

8 What have you…You have broken…

9 He is…He has just come…

10 I can't understand…he has not…

11 You must not believe…

12 I was not…You were not…

13 That man has been…

14 They had not seen…

3.多项选择题答案

1a  2d  3c  4c  5d  6b

7c  8b  9c  10a  11c  12c

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