课文详注 Further notes on the text
1．After I had left a small village in the south of France, I drove on to the next town. 在离开法国南部的一个小村庄后，我继续驶往下一个城镇。
Beijing is in the north of China.
He talked on until everybody had gone.
I was reading when my friend called. After he had
gone, I went on to read.
2．I stopped and he asked me for a lift. 我把车停下，他向我提出要求搭车。
Last night, I had to walk home. No one would give me a lift.
I was lucky today. I got a lift soon after I had left the village.
3．As soon as he had got into the car, I said good morning to him in French and he replied in the same language. 他一上车，我就用法语向他问早上好，他也同样用法语回答我。
（1）表示时间的固定短语as soon as通常表示“一……就……”，即两个动词之间相隔时间非常短：
Tell him the news as soon as you meet him.
speak English/ French 讲英语／法语
That book is written in German.
He replied the question in English.
语法 Grammar in use
过去完成时(The simple past perfect tense)
过去完成时由 had+ 过去分词构成，它表示过去某时或某动作发生之前已经完成的动作或情况，即“较早的过去”。在用
过去完成时态的句子中，常用的连词有 when, after, as soon as, until, by that time等：
When I woke up in the morning, she had already had
After he had said goodbye to us all, Captain Alison started his journey.
Did you really ring the police?
It was a mistake. I realized it as soon as I had rung them.
I didn't know that she was a famous actress until you had told me.
常与现在完成时连用的副词如already, just, never, never…before也常与过去完成时连用，以强调事件发生的先后次序：
The boys loved the zoo. They had never seen wild animals before.
词汇学习 Word study
I asked (Mary) a question.
They asked Tony to sing a song.
They asked her to spend the weekend with them.
You are always asking for help.
I asked for a cup of coffee, but they gave me a cup of tea.
2．except, except for与apart from
Everyone has helped in some way apart from/ except for/except you.
I have no other books except/ except for these.
但是 except不用于句首，except for/ apart from则可以：
Apart from/ Except for you, everyone has helped in some way.
3．短语 which of, either of, neither of与 both of
I like both of these bags. Which of the two do you prefer?
（2）either与neither都是对两个人或物而言（后接单数名词）。either指 one or the other（不是这个就是那个），either和 neither 后跟of时则指两个事物中的每一个：
Both books/ Both of the books are interesting.
Both of us/ them left early.
I love both of you.
练习答案 Key to written exercises
A 1 I drove on to the next town after I had left a small village.2 I said good morning to him in French as soon as he had got into the car.
3 I had nearly reached the town, when the young man said:‘Do you speak English?’
C 1 After she had written the letter, she went to the post office.
2 After he had had dinner, he went to the cinema.
3 When I had fastened my seat belt, the plane took off.
4 We did not disturb him until he had finished work.
5 As soon as he had left the room, I turned on the radio.
6 He had been very ill before he died.
D 1 regretted 2 had begun/ began 3 arrived
1 Except for 2 both of 3 Apart from
4 asked…ask for 5 neither of…asked
1 b 2 c 3 a