Lesson 5 Youth
by FIELDEN HUGHES
from Out of the Air, The Listener
5-1. People are always talking about 'the problem of youth'.
5-2. If there is one—which I take leave to doubt—then it is older people who create it, not the young themselves.
【讲解】 if there is one中的one指a problem of youth。which I take leave to doubt系插入语。the young意为“年轻人”。the＋形容词表示具有某种性质的一类人。
take leave to do sth.:冒昧做某事，擅自做某事。
5-3. Let us get down to fundamentals and agree that the young are after all human beings—people just like their elders.
【讲解】people just like their elders作the young的同位语，对其进一步解说。
master the fundamentals of a trade 掌握某行业的基本规律
5-4. There is only one difference between an old man and a young one: the young man has a glorious future before him and the old one has a splendid future behind him: and maybe that is where the rub is.
【讲解】a young one中one替代man以避免重复。关于句中的两个冒号，前一个介绍difference的同位语，后一个引出说明性内容。
There’s the rub. 难就难在这儿。
We’d like to travel, but the rub is that we have no money.
5-5. When I was a teenager, I felt that I was just young and uncertain—that I was a new boy in a huge school, and I would have been very pleased to be regarded as something so interesting as a problem.
【讲解】that I was a new…problem作felt的宾语，破折号表示引出被强调的部分。
请注意句中的暗喻（metaphor）修辞手法，作者把社会比作a huge school，把自己比作a new boy。I would have been very pleased是表示与过于事实不符的虚拟结构。to be regarded as…a problem相当于if anyone regarded me as…a problem，表示条件，作原因状语，修饰pleased。汉语的条件句一般位于主句之前，所以这里的to be regarded as…a problem译成汉语时应前移。so interesting as a problem作something的定语。
5-6. For one thing, being a problem gives you a certain identity, and that is one of the things the young are busily engaged in seeking.
【讲解】that指being a problem gives you a certain identity。
identity：个性，特性（the qualities and attitudes that a person or group of people have, that make them different from other people），
The planners decided to enlarge the four villages and preserve their distinct identities.
The struggle of people in that area to maintain their own identities is continuing.
5-7. I find young people exciting.