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专八改错练习及详解(1)

发表时间:2011/2/11字号:T|T
Morepeopledieoftuberculosisthanofanyotherdiseasecausedbyasingleagent.Thishasprobablybeenthecaseinquiteawhile.Duringthe__1__earlystagesoftheindustrialrevolution,perhapsoneineveryseventh__2__deathsinEur...

More people die of tuberculosis than of any other disease caused by a single agent. This has probably been the case in quite a while. During the __1__
early stages of the industrial revolution, perhaps one in every seventh __2__
deaths in Europe’s crowded cities were caused by the disease. From __3__
now on, though, western eyes, missing the global picture, saw the trouble __4__
going into decline. With occasional breaks for war, the rates of death and
infection in the Europe and America dropped steadily through the 19th and __5__
20th centuries. In the 1950s, the introduction of antibiotics strengthened the
trend in rich countries, and the antibiotics were allowed to be imported to __6__
poor countries. Medical researchers declared victory and withdrew.
They are wrong. In the mid1980s the frequency of infections and deaths __7__
started to pick up again around the world. Where tuberculosis vanished, it came __8__
back; in many places where it had never been away, it grew better. The World __9__
Health Organization estimates that 1.7 billion people (a third of the earth’s
population)suffer from tuberculosis. Even when the infection rate was falling,
population growth kept the number of clinical cases more or less constantly at 8 __10__
million a year. Around 3 million of those people died, nearly all of them in poor
countries.


 

参考答案:
tuberculosis n.肺结核
antibiotics n.抗生素, 抗生学

1 将in改为for
for quite a while 作 “相当长时间”讲.

2 将seventh改为seven

3 将were改为was
这个谓语动词的主语是单数短语 one in every seven deaths, 因此要使用单数.

4将now 改为then

5将Europe前的the 去掉

6 将imported改为exported
根据上下文,应该是向穷国出口抗生素,而不是从这些国家进口抗生素.

7 将are 改为were

8 在vanished 前加had
这里要表达的是 “结核病原来消失的地方,又爆发了结核病”,所以要使用过去完成时.

9 将better改为worse
在结合病没有消失的地方,这种病更加严重了,因此要用worse.

10 将constantly改为constant
在 “keep sb/ sth adj”结构中的形容词作补语.

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