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翻译资格考试常见英语词语辨析(12)

发表时间:2011/2/9字号:T|T
52.relationship与relation  relationship和relation都是指人或事物之间的联系。relationship指人时含义是有着很深感情的紧密关系,如:herrelationshipwithherhusband;这两个词都可以指相互关照、互为依赖的事物...

       52.relationship与relation
  relationship和relation都是指人或事物之间的联系。relationship指人时含义是有着很深感情的紧密关系,如:her relationship with her husband;这两个词都可以指相互关照、互为依赖的事物,如:the relation/relationship between temperature and humidity温度和湿度的关系。如果指人和组织之间的一种比较正规或松散的关系,就多用relations,如:The local community has good relations with the police. / Relations betweenour countries are improving. comrade同志,志同道合者,显然不对。

  53.recall与remind
  recall和remind 容易混淆,也是经常出现的考点,它们的区别如下:
  ① recall,bring (sth/sb) back into the mind,recollect 使想起,使回忆
  例如: I can't recall his name. 我想不起他的名字
  She recalled that he had left early. 她回忆起他已经早早走了。
  ② remind,inform (sb) of a fact,or tell(sb) to do sth he may have forgotten,提醒……要做
  例如: Do I have to remind you yet again?还要我再一次提醒你吗?
  Travellers are reminded that malaria tablets are advisable. 旅客被提醒最好服用防虐疾病药片。

  54.due to, owing to与thanks to
  目前普遍认为due to与owing to为同义词,但用法不同。
  due to可用在be之后,如:His lateness was due to the very heavy traffic on the motorway.她迟到是因高速公路上车辆过多所致。
  due to也可用作状语,而owing to只用作状语,如:He was late owing to /due to the very heavy traffic.因交通拥挤,他迟到了。
  due to可直接用在名词后:Accidents due to driving at high speed were very commonthat weekend.在那个周末因高速驾驶造成的交通事故很多。
  thanks to相当于“on account of; because of因为”,多用于褒义。

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