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VOA News- 以曾向巴伸出橄榄枝?

发表时间:2011/1/30字号:T|T
FormerIsraeliPMDetailsFailedPeaceDealwithPalestinians 以色列前总统细说未达成巴以和平协议经过 巴以(巴勒斯坦和以色列)冲突是中东地区冲突的热点之一,冲突的背后隐藏着深刻的历史根源,既有宗教的、民族...
Former Israeli PM Details Failed Peace Deal with Palestinians
以色列前总统细说未达成巴以和平协议经过
 
巴以(巴勒斯坦和以色列)冲突是中东地区冲突的热点之一,冲突的背后隐藏着深刻的历史根源,既有宗教的、民族的因素。更重要的是大国干预等外部因素,各种因素互相影响、激化,使得巴以冲突的复杂性非同一般。其中,两个民族对同一块土地提出了排他性的主权要求是根本原因。犹太移民定居点问题和耶路撒冷地位问题则是巴以和平之路上的严重障碍。这些问题若不解决。巴以冲突就不会停止。中东也难以实现真正的和平。

Former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert says he and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas were on the verge of a peace deal in 2008. In excerpts of his memoirs published in Israel's biggest newspaper Yediot Ahronot, Mr. Olmert said he offered Mr. Abbas a Palestinian state in nearly 94 percent of the West Bank. Israel would have kept about six percent of the territory to accommodate Jewish settlements, and in a land swap, it would have handed six percent of its own land over to the Palestinians.

Mr. Olmert urged Mr. Abbas to take a pen and sign the agreement, but the Palestinian president said he needed more time. Three months later, the Gaza War erupted and then elections brought a new, right-wing government to power in Israel. The two leaders did not meet again.

The memoirs come against the background of secret documents published by the Arab TV station al-Jazeera at the beginning of the week. Those documents showed that Mr. Abbas was prepared to accept a land swap similar to the one described by Mr. Olmert.

Former Israeli prime minister Ehud Olmert, right, shakes hands with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, Jun 2 2008 (file photo)


Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said the disclosures show that the Palestinians are unwilling to make the necessary compromises for peace.

He said that even when Israel is prepared to make major territorial concessions, it is impossible to reach a final peace agreement with the Palestinians.

Mr. Abbas, on the other hand, has been widely criticized in the Arab world for considering a land swap that would allow Israel to keep all but one of the settlements in disputed East Jerusalem.

Palestinian journalist Bassam Eid says Mr. Abbas made a mistake by not preparing his people for a peace deal.

"We the Palestinians know very well that there is a compromise," said Eid. "I don't know why the Palestinian leaders, especially Mahmoud Abbas, didn't try to report or to state about all of these secret negotiations among the Palestinian people."

Mr. Olmert expressed regret that President Abbas rebuffed his peace offer, describing it as a "historic mistake."

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