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四级词汇学习:常见英语四六级同义词50组(2)

发表时间:2011/1/11字号:T|T
在学习英语词汇中,有时同义词的辨析是很不容易的,我们一般从三方面进行区分,即:语法、语义和文体。语法主要是词性、搭配、句式等的区分;语义主要是词义的本义、引申义、比喻义和内涵和外延等的区分;文体主...

在学习英语词汇中,有时同义词的辨析是很不容易的,我们一般从三方面进行区分,即:语法、语义和文体。语法主要是词性、搭配、句式等的区分;语义主要是词义的本义、引申义、比喻义和内涵和外延等的区分;文体主要是正式和非正式、褒义和贬义等的区分。

3.战斗 (打仗)

fight: It is a bodily struggle (奋斗 斗争)

struggle: An effort of any kind to overcome difficulty.

(战斗) battle: A fight between armed forces.

(战役) campaign: A series of related military operations in a war.

(战争) war: A period of fight between countries or states when

weapons are used and many people are killed.

(对抗) combat: A fight, conflict, controversy.

4.牧师 (教士 牧师)

priest: A person, esp. a man specially trained for various religious duties and

ceremonies, in the Christian church, esp. in the Roman Catholic church

(牧师) minister: A member of clergy, esp. Protestant churches.

(牧师) clergy(pl): The officially appointed leader of the religious activities of

a particular church or temple.

clergyman: clergymen(pl) a member of clergy.

(牧师) pastor: A Christian religious leader in charge of a church and its

members, esp. in a Protestant church.

(教区牧师) vicar: A priest in charge of an area(parish) in the church of England.

father: A little of respect for a priest, esp. in the Roman Catholic.

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