ADJ. unconventional (in an artistic way).
Gertrude Stein ran off to Paris to live an eccentric, bohemian life with her writer friends. Oakland was not bohemian; it was too bourgeois, too middle-class.
v. refrain from buying or using; to refuse to deal with by a group.
The decided to boycott the parking garage.
The boycott achieved lower prices.
To put pressure on grape growers to stop using pesticides that harmed the farm workers’ health, Cesar Chavez called for consumers to boycott grapes, also N.
Of, relating to, or characterized by intrigue; scheming or devious拜占廷的, 爱玩弄阴谋的, 诡计多端的
N. blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group or cause.
A chauvinist cannot recognize any faults in his country, no matter how flagrant they may be. Likewise, a male chauvinist cannot recognize how biased he is in favor of his own sex, no matter how flagrant that bias may be.
v. harass, annoy, torment; raid.
The guerrilla band harried the enemy nightly.
ADJ. brief and to the point, especially to the point of being rude. 反: verbose.
Many of the characters portrayed by Clint Eastwood are laconic types: strong men of few words.
ADJ. crafty; double-dealing.
I do not think he will be a good ambassador because he is not accustomed to the Machiavellian maneuverings of foreign diplomats.
可能源自萨缪尔·奥古斯特·麦尔未克(1803-1870年) ，美国Texas州牧场主, 惟独他家牧畜不打烙印。
N. rebel; nonconformist.
To the masculine literary establishment, George Sand with her insistence on wearing trousers and smoking cigars was clearly a maverick who fought her proper womanly role.
v. turn to stone.
His sudden and unexpected appearance seemed to petrify her.
ADJ. pertaining to the Pharisees, who paid scrupulous attention to tradition; self-righteous; hypocritical.
Walter Lippmann has pointed out that moralists who do not attempt to explain the moral code they advocate are often regarded as Pharisaical and ignored.
N. narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain.
We need more men and women of culture and enlightenment; we have too many philistines among us.
ADJ. purely spiritual; theoretical; without sensual desire.
Accused of impropriety in his dealings with female students, the professor maintained he had only a platonic interest in the women involved.
源自Vidkun Quisling (1887-1945): head of Norway’s government during the Nazi occupation (1940-1945)
N. traitor who aids invaders.
In his conquest of Europe, Hitler was aided by the quislings who betrayed their own people and served in the puppet governments established by the Nazis.
Sophist: A Greek philosopher of pre-Socratic times who inquired about and speculated on theology, metaphysics, mathematics, and the natural and biological sciences.
N. teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning.
You are using all the devices of a sophist in trying to prove your case; your argument is specious.
ADJ. woridly wise and urbane; complex.
When Sophy makes wisecracks, she thinks she sounds sophisticated, but instead she sounds sophomoric. The new IBM laptop with the butterfly keyboard and the built-in FAX modem is a pretty sophisticated machine.
N. seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning.
Instead of advancing valid arguments, he tried to overwhelm his audience with a flood of sophistries.
构词：soph(o)（wisdom）+ more（dull）+ ic（的）
ADJ. immature; half-baked, like a sophomore.
Even if you’re only a freshman, it’s no compliment to be told your humor is sophomoric. The humor in Dumb and Dumber is sophomoric at best.
ADJ. idealistic but impractical.
Constantly coming up with quixotic, unworkable schemes to save the world, Simon has his heart in the right place, but his head is somewhere off in the clouds.
ADJ. impassive; unmoved by joy or grief.
I wasn’t particularly stoic when I had my flu shot; I squealed like a stuck pig. also N. stoicism, N.