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大学英语四级考试写作应试技巧

发表时间:2008/12/22字号:T|T
GoodHealth   (1)Importanceofgoodhealth   (2)Waystokeepfit   (3)Myownpractice   这样的作文的要求句就可以扩展成主题句。扩展后三段的主题句分别为:   ☆Itisveryimp...
Good Health

  •   (1) Importance of good health

  •   (2) Ways to keep fit

  •   (3) My own practice


  •   这样的作文的要求句就可以扩展成主题句。扩展后三段的主题句分别为:


  •   ☆ It is very important to have good health. (将名词importance变成形容词important)

  •   ☆ There are four ways to keep fit for me.(用there be句型)

  •   ☆ My own practices are the following.(采用原词)


  •   三、条理


  •   保证不跑题是写作当中第一重要任务,第二个重要任务就是条理清楚。对于议论文来说,正反面要清楚。对于说明文来说,1、2、3条要清楚,对于描述文要来,谁干什么要清楚。就拿上例Good Health来说,第一段保持正反面要清楚就应这样写:主题句(It is very important to have good health.,正面(With good health, we can...),反面(Without good health, we can do nothing. We can't do...)


  •   第二段应当这样写:主题句(There are four ways to keep fit.) 从几方面说明: Firstly, we should have our breakfast in the morning. Second, we should have a nap at noon. Third, sports exercises are necessary in the afternoon. And fourth, we could have a pleasant feeling in the evening by listening to the music....)


  •   为了使文章更具关于条理性,我们可以用first(ly),second(ly),third(ly)等副词,他们可以使文章的条理性十分突出。作文是主观性题,要想得高分我们必须把评卷老师考虑进去。评卷老师的时间很短(每份卷子的作文只有一两分钟就要阅完),所以我们在列条条时最好不用:To begin with, ... After that,... And then,... The next,... The following,... At last ...。因为用这样的词语不利于阅卷老师看出你作文的条理性。


  •   第三段应当这样写:主题句(My own practices are the following.)具体情况(主语为第一人称代词I,与第二段呼应) In the morning, I have my breakfast . At noon, I have a nap. And in the afternoon, I always play football. In the evening, I usually listen to the classic music.

  •   综上所述,如果我们按以上几节的方法去做,就可以保证及格以上分数。


  •   四、 十二句作文法


  •   在作文的评分标准中字数也是一个要求。四、六级的作文要求是要写出120-150字。对于这样的要求考生不必怕写不够。我们知道,四、六级作文大都是三段式。我们算一下,如果我们在每一段中写上四句话,即主题句加两三句扩展句和一个结论句就可以了。这样全篇在十二句左右。每一句十多个词,这样就是120-150字。同时,我们也提醒大家,不能写得太多,写得多容易跑题。在写作时,我们要横向写作,即写某一问题的横段面。例如,上面讲到健康的重要性时,我们只写四句就可以了。第一句主题句,第二句从正面论述,第三句从反面论述,第四句为结论句。但有的同学在写的时候说“健康非常重要,”然后就写“吃波莱非常重要”,因为波菜含有丰富的铁,铁对人是非常重要的,因为...。这样的作文的基本模式是A-B B-C C-D D-E以此类推。这就叫流水账,没有中心。我们写作时要根据横段面去写,而不要写成流水账。避免写成流水账的方法是不要就前一句中的一个非重点词再进行描述。而要对主题句从横段面去写,写完一个横段面就不要再对这一横段面进行阐述了,应当去写别一个横段面。


  •   如果我们感觉字数不够,就在每一句或某些句子上添加些词词就行了。例如我们感觉上边第二段不够长,就可以这样来加词:


  •   主题句There are four ways to keep fit.- There are four or more ways to keep fit for everyone of us. 从几方面说明: Firstly, we should have our breakfast in the morning.- Firstly, we should have our breakfast, such as milk, eggs, bread and so on, in the morning. Second, we should have a nap at noon.- Secondly, we should have a short nap, even 30 minutes, at noon. Third, sports exercises are necessary in the afternoon. - Thirdly, sports exercises are necessary for everyone and we can do some sports exercises in the afternoon. And fourth, we could have a pleasant feeling in the evening by listening to music. - And fourthly, we could have a pleasant feeling in the evening by listening to both popular and classic music. 


  •   这样一来,我们只要保持本句的主题不变加添一些次要词就能达到字数的规定标准。

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